WHAT ARE SEAWEED
FARMS & FORESTS?
"Seaweed farms consist of cultivated planting of commercial-grade seaweeds in near shore ocean environments. These Ocean Farms are productive and fast-growing. They produce such commercial products as nutritious foods, animal feeds, and fertilizers.
Seaweed forests are scaled up, densely planted areas of seaweed grown to optimize Climate Action as they are designed to reduce both oceanic and atmospheric Carbon. This leads to the reduction of Ocean Acidification and fights climate change while enabling companies, organizations, cities, states, and nations to reduce their Carbon Footprint and comply with the Paris Climate Accords.
While Seaweed cultivation is among the many measures that have been introduced for mitigating global warming, it is a completely natural process. Kelp forests are designed to encompass tens of thousands of square kilometers of the open ocean. These seaweed beds act as effective sinks by drastically reducing the level of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC).
Unlike other blue carbon grasses (mangroves, seagrasses, and salt marshes) that accumulate and retain large amounts of carbon in sediments, kelp forests and seaweed beds do not have such sedimentary substrata. Instead, their carbon-rich biomass detaches and is broken down in food chains by organisms that range in scale from grazing animals to pelagic and seabed bacteria. Because the sediment is absent from kelp forests and seaweed beds, such that they lack functionality as large carbon sinks, there is substantial potential to develop seaweed methodologies by capturing carbon through algal photosynthesis and using the resulting biomass as a substitute for fuel. "